Home Science Israeli spacecraft starts orbiting Moon on maiden voyage – CGTN

Israeli spacecraft starts orbiting Moon on maiden voyage – CGTN

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An Israeli spacecraft on the country’s first lunar mission began orbiting the Moon on Thursday, completing a key maneuver ahead of a planned touchdown next week, mission chiefs said.

The move, known as a “lunar capture”, shifted the unmanned Beresheet craft into an elliptical orbit that brought it within 500 kilometers of the Moon.

“This maneuver enabled the spacecraft to be captured by the Moon’s gravity and begin orbiting the Moon – and with the Moon, orbiting the Earth,” the project’s lead partners said in a statement.

The spacecraft is aiming to make history twice – as the first private-sector Moon landing, and the first from the Jewish state.

NGO SpaceIL and state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries, launched Beresheet – Hebrew for Genesis – from Cape Canaveral in Florida on February 22.

The 585-kilogram craft took off atop a Falcon 9 rocket from Elon Musk’s private U.S.-based SpaceX company.

The trip is scheduled to last seven weeks, with the Beresheet due to touch down on the Moon on April 11.

So far, only Russia, the U.S. and China have made the 384,000-kilometer journey and landed on the Moon.

So far, only Russia, U.S. and China have made the 384,000-kilometer journey and landed on the Moon. /VCG Photo

So far, only Russia, U.S. and China have made the 384,000-kilometer journey and landed on the Moon. /VCG Photo

“The lunar capture is a historic event in and of itself – but it also joins Israel in a seven-nation club that has entered the Moon’s orbit,” SpaceIL chairman Morris Kahn said.

“A week from today we’ll make more history by landing on the Moon, joining three superpowers who have done so.”

The Israeli mission comes amid renewed global interest in the Moon, 50 years after American astronauts first walked on its surface.

China’s Chang’e-4 made the first-ever soft landing on the far side of the Moon on January 3, after a probe sent by the country made a lunar landing elsewhere in 2013.

For Israel, the landing itself is the main mission, but the spacecraft also carries a scientific instrument to measure the lunar magnetic field, which will help in understanding the Moon’s formation.

It also carries a “time capsule” loaded with digital files containing a Bible, children’s drawings, Israeli songs, memories of a Holocaust survivor and the blue-and-white Israeli flag.

(Cover: Israel’s Beresheet spacecraft is due to touch down on the Moon on April 11.)

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